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What is the role of potassium ions in the opening of stomata? 

Difficulty: Medium

The main role of potassium is to provide the appropriate ionic environment for metabolic processes in the cytosol, and as such functions as a regulator of various processes including growth regulation Plants require potassium ions (K) for protein synthesis and for the opening and closing of stoma, which is regulated by proton pumps to make surrounding guard cells either turgid or flaccid. A deficiency of potassium ions can impair a plant's ability to maintain these processes. Potassium also functions in other physiological processes such as photosynthesis, protein synthesis, activation of some enzymes, phloem solute transport of photoassimilates into source organs, and maintenance of cation: anion balance in the systole and vacuole.

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