Write a note on the Interim Government 1946-47.

Difficulty: Hard

Interim Government 1946-47:

       It was pertinent that Viceroy should have invited the Muslim League to form the Interim Government because the Muslim League had accepted the whole of the Plan. It was stated in the Plan that if any major political party agrees to the Plan, it will be implemented. But this could not be done.

       The Viceroy of India invited both All Indian National Congress as well as All India Muslim League to form the Government. He assigned the office of Prime Minister-ship to Pandit Nehru unethically.

The nomination of Ministers:

         According to Plan, Congress and Muslim League had to nominate six and five ministers respectively. Congress started to constitute the cabinet. Pandit Nehru invited Muslim League to nominate 5 members. Muslim League was frustrated and annoyed at the breach of promise by the Government. The Viceroy also asked Muslim League to join the Government but Muslim League expressed its grievances. A deadlock appeared.

Dialogue with the Viceroy of India:

       It was thought in the Muslim League Council that it should not be the Re-play of the period of the rule of Congress Ministries 1937-39 because it happened so, the Hindus will inflict atrocities and cruelties on the Muslims. Moreover, it seemed that the British were going to quit India, and in these circumstances, if Congress had its monopoly, the Muslims would have to suffer a lot of problems. Despite the cruelties of the Government, it was decided that the invitation of the Viceroy of India should be accepted. It was also decided to send five ministers of the Muslim League in the Interim Government.


        After holding dialogue with the Viceroy of India, Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) showed his willingness to co-operate with him. Muslim League announced to play its role after joining the Government.

Ministers from Muslim League:

The five ministers from the Muslim League were as under:

  1. Liaquat Ali Khan
  2. Abdur Rab Nishtar
  3. Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar
  4. Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan
  5. Jogendra Nath Mandal

Jogendra Nath Mandal belonged to the Untouchable Caste (Achhoot) of Hindus. Through the nomination of Mandal, Muslim League proved that it was not only playing the role of protector of the rights of the Muslims, but also that of the other minorities too. Congress included a Muslim, Abdul Kalam Azad, in the cabinet and tried to convey the message that it also represented the Muslims.

Ministers from Congress:

The six ministers from Congress were as under:

  1. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru
  2. Rajjinder Parshad
  3. Sardar Patail
  4. Gopal Acharia
  5. Asif Ali
  6. Jugg Jeevan Ram