What was the background of the Simla Conference? Write its important points.

Difficulty: Hard

Simla Conference 1945:

After the failure of the Cripps Mission, All Indian National Congress began to pressurize the British Government to finish its rule in India and transfer the powers to the majority party.


Movement of Gandhi:

Gandhi launched “Civil Disobedience” and “Quit India” movements. He asked the people to boycott the courts and offices. Show of power was demonstrated through meetings and processions.


Quaid-e-Azam’s Opinion:

World War II was turning in the favour of the British and its Allies. Seeing the changing circumstances, Congress tried to join Muslim League to increase the pressure Gandhi invited Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) to join the collective struggle but he was intelligent and far-sighted enough to trapped. Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) refused to consider any formula other than the creation of Pakistan.


The holding of Simla Conference:

The members of various political parties were invited to participate in the Simla Conference in 1945 to think over the Wavell Plan, Pandit Nehru, Abdul Kalam Azad and Baldev Singh from Congress. Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah), Liaquat Ali Khan and Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar from Muslim League, Chief Ministers of all the provinces, representatives of the Unionist and other political parties attended-this conference.


Viceroy Struggle:

The Viceroy tried to convince Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) to nominate Malik Khizer Hayat, Chief Minister of the Punjab and head of the Unionist Party in place of Abdul Kalam Azad, but Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) was not convinced. He wanted to get it accepted by the Government and Congress that Only Muslim League had the right to represent the Muslims. All the three parties could not agree and the Simla Conference ended up in a failure.


Quaid-e-Azam Declaration:

Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) declared that the Wavell Plan presented in Simla Conference was a collective attempt made by Viceroy and Congress to entrap Muslim League. Had the Muslim League accepted the plan, it would never have succeeded in achieving Pakistan.


Result of Simla Conference:

Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) view-point proved to be correct because the results of the election to be held in the coming year (1945-1946) confirmed that the Muslims were with Muslim League only. They rejected Congress, Unionist party and Muslim religious parties by casting their vote in favour of Muslim League, they gave the authority to it fully represent them. The results of the election endorsed the clean and farsightedness of Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) and confirmed the truth of his stand-point.