What do you know about C.R Formula? Write an important point

Difficulty: Hard

C.R Formula 1944:

When the British Government crushed the “Quit India” movement launched by Gandhi forcefully and put Gandhi behind the bars, his movement died out. Now, Gandhi tried to weaken the Muslim League by trapping Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) in a conspiracy. Gandhi used Chakravarti Raj Gopal Acharia and asked him to express an opinion about the partition of India.


Chakravarti Raj Gopal Acharia:

Chakravarti Raj Gopal was a leader of All Indian National Congress. He belonged to Madras. He was known in the public as Raja Gee. Raj Gopal Acharia and Gandhi finalized the Formula in March 1944. This formula is known as “C.R Formula”.


Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) and Gandhi Correspondence:

In the meantime, correspondence between Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) and Gandhi, who was in jail continued. The Formula was sent to Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) was informed of the details of the Formula on April 8, 1944.


Salient Features of C.R. Formula:

The main points of C.R Formula were as under:

  1. This Formula is the basis of an agreement between Congress and the Muslim League. Gandhi and Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) will agree on it and they will try to approve it from their respective parties.]
  2. At the end of the war, a commission would be appointed to demarcate the districts having a Muslim population in the absolute majority and those areas plebiscite would be conducted on basis of all would vote the inhabitants (including the non-Muslims) where adult.
  3. The League was to endorse the Indian demand for independence and to cooperate with the Congress inthe formation of Provisional Interim Government for a transitional period.
  4. All parties would be allowed to express their stance on the partition and their views before the plebiscite.
  5. In the event of separation, a mutual agreement would be entered into for safeguarding essential matters such as defence, communication and commerce and for other essential services.
  6. The transfer of population, if any would be absolutely voluntarily.
  7. The terms of the binding will be applicable only in case of full transfer of power by Britain to the Government of India.