Write a note on the Accession of States and Tribal Areas to Pakistan.

Difficulty: Hard

  A large number of princely states were situated between Pakistan and India. Most of the states took their decisions. However, no decision could be made about the fate of Jammu & Kashmir, Junagadh, and Manawadar states.


Junagadh and Manawadar States:

          The rule of Junagadh and Manawadar announced their accession to Pakistan, but India occupied them through military action.


State of Hyderabad Deccan:

           Nizam, the ruler of the State of Hyderabad Deccan decided not to join either of the two countries. He intended to give his state an independent status, but the Indian Army attacked Hyderabad Deccan and forcefully incorporated Hyderabad Deccan into India.

           The majority of the people in Hyderabad Deccan, Junagadh, and Manawadar were non-Muslims but a vast majority of the people of Jammu and Kashmir were Muslims.


State of Jammu and Kashmir:

         A vast majority of the people of Jammu and Kashmir were Muslims. They wanted accession to Pakistan but because of Hindu Raja’s understanding with the Indian rulers, Indian Forces invaded the Kashmir Valley. The people of Kashmir started their fight for freedom. The Indian Army tried to crush the wishes of the people but after meeting with failure in their attempts.


Three wars on Kashmir Issue:

          The two countries have fought three wars (1948, 1965, and 1971) so far but the people's right to self-determination is being ignored. The Kashmir issue could not be settled according to the principles of justice.


A Politician of Principle:

        Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) was a politician of principle. He joined only those states with Pakistan which acceded to Pakistan with their free will. The states of Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Kharan, and Makran were among those who consented to Pakistan.


Independence of Tribal Areas:

         Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) announced that tribal areas would continue to enjoy full freedom and their independence and freedom would be looked after. The tribal areas were independent and free under British rule too. When the tribal leaders, maintaining their independence and freedom, declared their accession to Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) declared brave tribal people defenders of the northwestern borders of Pakistan.