Definition

Temperature:

The temperature of a body is the degree of hotness or coldness of the body.

Definition

Thermometers:

Thermometers are made to measure the temperature of a body of places

Definition

Position of Mercury:

The lower of a fixed point is the mark that gives the position of mercury in the thermometer when it is placed in ice.

Definition

Point of mercury:

The upper fixed point is the mark that shows the point of mercury in the thermometer when it is placed in steam from boiling water at standard pressure.

Definition

From Celsius to Kelvin Scale:

T(K) = 273 + C

Definition

From Kelvin to Celsius Scale:

From Celsius to Fahrenheit Scale:

C =  T(K) – 273

F  =  1.8C + 32

Definition

Heat:

Heat is a form of energy and this energy is called heat as long as it is in the process of transfer from one body to another body. When a body is heated, the kinetic energy of its molecules increases and the average distances between the molecules increases.

Definition

Specific heat:

The specific heat of a substance is defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a unit mass of that substance through one-degree centigrade (1°C) or one kelvin (1K).

Definition

Latent heat of fusion:

The heat required by a unit mass of a substance at its melting point to change it from a solid state to a liquid state is called the latent heat of fusion.

Definition

Latent heat of vaporization:

The quantity of heat required by the unit mass of a liquid at a certain constant temperature to change its state completely from a liquid into a gas is called the latent heat of vaporization.

Definition

Thermal coefficient of linear expansion α:

The thermal coefficient of linear expansion α of a substance is defined as the fractional increase in its length per kelvin rise in temperature.

Definition

Volume or cubical expansion:

The volume of solid changes with the temperature change and is called volume or cubical expansion.
V =$V_{0} (1+ \beta \triangle T)$

Definition

Thermal coefficient of volume expansion $\beta$:

The Thermal coefficient of volume expansion $\beta$ is defined as the fractional change in its volume per kelvin change in temperature.

Definition

Types of thermal volume expansion for liquid:

There are two types of thermal volume expansion for liquids as well as for gases. Apparent volume expansion and real volume expansion.