Table of Contents
Short Type Questions
Q5. Answer each question in two to four lines.
1. Define Muslims according to two to four lines.
According to the 1973 constitution, a person who believes in Tauheed or Oneness of Allah and the prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) as the last prophet of Allah is a Muslim.
2. Give an account of the measures taken of the Islamization of the financial matters.
The following steps were taken for the Islamization of financial matters.
- Nizam-e-Zakat was introduced on June 20, 1980
- The banks were initiated to start an interest-free economy from January 1, 1981.
- Collection and distribution of Usher started from the Rabri Crop in 1983.
3. What steps were taken for the Islamization of judiciary and laws after 1977?
The following steps were taken for the Islamization of judiciary and laws on February 10, 1979.
- Islamic penalties were imposed on the crimes likes stealing, adultery and false allegation of adultery.
- A Federal Shariah Court, which was equal to the High Court, in status, was established.
- A Shariah Faculty and Islamic University were established in Islamabad.
- The objective resolution was made a justifiable part of the constitution.
4. Compare and contrast Hajat-ul-Wida and the UN declaration of human rights.
The Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) initially gave the concept of Human rights. He came up with this notion of human rights some fourteen hundred years ago. His last sermon, Khutba-e-Hajat-ul-Wida, was the charter of human rights. The western world adopted the concept of human rights in the very later era- not earlier than the 20th century. The UN declaration of human rights safeguards the same rights, which were safeguarded by Islam centuries ago.
5. Give two important characteristics of human right
Following are the basic characteristics of rights:
- Rights are the basic condition of civilized life.
- The state exercises its power to safeguard human rights can only be preserved with the help of the state.