Subjective Type Questions



Q5. Answer each question in two to four lines.

1. Give Pakistan’s exact area in sq. km and its location on the globe concerning the longitudes and latitudes?


The Islamic Republic of Pakistan has an area of 796,090 sq km it lies between the latitude of 240 to 36 and between the longitudes of 61 to 75.




2. Describe Pakistan’s position concerning her neighbouring countries?


Neighbouring Country Side Length of the Common boundaries
Afghanistan West 2,250 km
Iran South West 950 km
India East 1,600 KM
China North 600 Km
Tajikistan North West 20 Km


Pakistan lies sandwiched between strong neighbour i.e. Afghanistan, India, Iran, China and Tajikistan. In her west, Pakistan shares 2250 km of the boundary with Afghanistan. In the south-west, a 950 km long border line separates Pakistan from Iran. In the east of Pakistan, 1,600 km boundary separates Pakistan from India.

Pak-China boundary is 600 km in the north of Pakistan. In the north-west Pakistan shares 20 km boundary with Tajikistan.







3. What is the main classification of the land of Pakistan concerning physical features?


Pakistan is divided into three major landforms:

  • Mountain Regions
  • Plateau Area
  • Plain




4. Write the names of the mountains lying to the north-west and west of Pakistan?


Mountain Region

  • Western Mountain Range
  • North Mountain
  • Kithara Range Suliman Range
  • Karakorum
  • Waziristan Range
  • Swat Range
  • Chitral Hills, Sufaid Koh Range
  • Hirhalivas Range




5. Enlist the mountain forming the Himalayas Range?

  • South-western Mountains
  • North Mountain
  • Karakorum Range
  • Himalayas Range
  • Shiwalak Range Lesser Himalayas
  • Greater Himalayas from the Himalayas Range







6. Write a note on the climate of Pakistan?


Pakistan is situated in the monsoon region. It is arid, except for the southern slopes of the Himalayas and the sub-Mountainous tract which has a rainfall from 76 to 127 cm. Balochistan is the driest part of the country with an average rainfall of 21 cm. On the southern ranges of the Himalayas, 127 cm of precipitation takes place, while under the lee of these mountains (Gilgit and Baltistan) rainfall is hardly 16 cm. Rainfall also occurs from western cyclonic disturbances originating in the Mediterranean.




7. Write a note on the mountains regions of continental climate?


The mountainous regions of continental climate of Pakistan are:

  • In the north are the Toba Kakar Range and Chagai Hills.
  • In the west-central part is the Siahan Range.
  • In the east-southern corner the Mekran Range.







8. Indicate the differences in population between regions of Pakistan.


The differences between different regions of Pakistan are as follows:

       Punjab      Sindh             NWFP      Balochistan
7.36 crore 3.41 crore 1.77 crore 65 lac

This shows that the population of Pakistan is very unevenly divided







9. Write a note on the imbalance growth of economic growth between different regions of Pakistan?


According to the latest available statistics, Sindh has highest per capita income rate in the country; it is three times higher than the NWFP, one and a half higher than Punjab and double than that of the Balochistan. Income in Punjab is double than that of the NWFP.







10. Bring about the central position Pakistan enjoys as a significant state of the Muslim world.


Pakistan is situated in the centre of the Muslim World. To the west of Pakistan, starting from Afghanistan and Iran, lies a chain of Muslim countries passing through Asia and terminating at the Eastern coast of the Atlantic Ocean i.e. the Middle East, Gulf and Africa. To the east of Pakistan, starting from Bangladesh lies another chain of Muslim countries while to the North there are six Muslim countries which gained independence from Russia in 1991.




11. Enlist three main objectives of tourism.


The main objectives of tourism are:

  • Research and fact-finding
  • Attainment of knowledge and information.
  • Recreation




12. Under what heads, important sites of tourist attraction can be studied?


Tourist attraction in Pakistan can be studied under the following headings:

  • Archaeological treasure
  • Historical buildings
  • Health and recreation resorts.







13. Enlist important hill resorts of the Punjab and the NWFP.

The most important hill resorts of Pakistan are:

  • Nathia Gali – 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree.
  • Ayubia – Ayubia is 26 km from Muree.
  • Dunga Gali- Dunga Gali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m). It is 30 km from Muree.
  • Khaira Gali – it is 16 km from Muree at an elevation of 2346 meters.
  • Patriata – 25 km from Muree.




14. Bring out Peshawar’s tourist importance.

About 172 km west of Rawalpindi/Islamabad by road and about an hour by aircraft, the last major town of Pakistan, the ancient and legendary Peshawar, city of proud Pathans. Peshawar the capital city of North-West Frontier Province, is a frontier town, the meeting place of the Sub-continent and Central Asia. The tourists are especially attracted by the chappli kabab and Kissa Khwani Bazar.







15. Write shorts notes on:

  • Chitral

  • Hunza Valley

  • The Silk Route



Chitral Valley lies at the base of Tirish Mir Mountain in the Hindu Kush. Chitral is consist of three valleys Bamboret, Rambur and Birir, and these are inhabited by Kafirs of Kalash.

Hunza Valley

The Hunza Valley, in Pakistan’s far north, was heavily travelled for thousands of years by traders making their way between China and the Indian Sub-continent. Apart from its stunning beauty, the valley contains old forts and the Ganesh Rocks where travellers carved graffiti in half a dozen ancient tongues.

The Silk route

The trade route between China and Pakistan is known as the silk route (has now been revived as the Karakorum Highways). It is one of the highest metalled roads in the world.